Alexander the Great c.
Philip waged war against Byzantionleaving Alexander in charge as regent and heir apparent. Alexander responded quickly, driving them from their territory.
He colonized it with Greeks, and founded a city named Alexandropolis. Meanwhile, the city of Amphissa began to work lands that were sacred to Apollo near Delphia sacrilege that gave Philip the opportunity to further intervene in Greek affairs.
Still occupied in Thrace, he ordered Alexander to muster an army for a campaign in southern Greece. Concerned that other Greek states might intervene, Alexander made it look as though he was preparing to attack Illyria instead. During this turmoil, the Illyrians invaded Macedonia, only to be repelled by Alexander.
The Athenians, led by Demosthenesvoted to seek alliance with Thebes against Macedonia.
Philip then returned to Elatea, sending a final offer of peace to Athens and Thebes, who both rejected it. According to the ancient sources, the two sides fought bitterly for some time. Philip deliberately commanded his troops to retreat, counting on the untested Athenian hoplites to follow, thus breaking their line.
With the Athenians lost, the Thebans were surrounded. Left to fight alone, they were defeated. Philip was then named Hegemon often translated as "Supreme Commander" of this league known by modern scholars as the League of Corinthand announced his plans to attack the Persian Empire.
This so irritated Alexander, that throwing one of the cups at his head, "You villain," said he, "what, am I then a bastard? At which Alexander reproachfully insulted over him: However, it appears Philip never intended to disown his politically and militarily trained son. When Philip heard of this, he stopped the negotiations and scolded Alexander for wishing to marry the daughter of a Carian, explaining that he wanted a better bride for him.Arrian lived four centuries after Alexander, but he did have a number of contemporary sources on which he based his history - especially the accounts of Ptolemy (one of Alexander's generals who became ruler of Egypt) and Aritobulus (a military engineer on some of Alexander's campaign -- .
Oct 23, · Board index pfmlures.com - All about Alexander the Great Discuss Alexander the Great Alexander's speech at Opis according to Arrian This moderated forum is for discussion of Alexander the Great.
Alexander the Great In fact, it is the most important source on the reign of Alexander. In the prologue, Arrian explains which sources he has used: It seems to me that Ptolemy and Aristobulus are the most trustworthy writers on Alexander's conquests, because the latter shared Alexander's campaigns.
The Alexander portrayed by Arrian in his The Campaigns of Alexander, is an interesting and complex Alexander, a character that slowly grows, matures and evolves throughout his adventures in new lands. Alexander the Great was a king of Macedonia who conquered an empire that stretched from the Balkans to modern-day Pakistan.
Alexander was the son of Philip II and Olympias (one of Philip's seven. Arrian, on the other hand, admires Alexander, although he is too much a philosopher to be completely uncritical.
Sometimes, he condemns aspects of the conqueror's behavior, but as a whole, he is positive about Alexander's achievements.