October 2, Place of Birth: January 30, Place of Death:
Independent India is the result of a long fight with the British rule and Mahatma Gandhi is one of them. Mahatma Gandhi was one of the prominent leaders of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India.
This information will help you to build a better speech and write a perfect essay for the speech and essay competitions organized by your school or college and the for writing the essay in exams too. We have kept the language of the essay easy so that any students can understand it.
3. Rohinton Mistry – A Fine Balance. This is the second novel by Mistry published in and, like his first novel, Such A Long Journey, this novel too received wide acclaim across the globe. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India. Employing non-violent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for non-violence, civil rights and freedom across the world. Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi, the Gujarati barrister who had returned from living for many years in South Africa shortly after the war started, was recognized throughout India as one of the most-promising leaders of the Congress Party.
He was born as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. The life of Gandhiji, was in general marked by transformations on the mental plane of highest kinds and throughout his life, he worked to serve the needs and welfare of masses regardless of their caste or class affiliations.
He had an eclectic religious upbringing as his father belonged to Hindu Madh Baniya caste while his mother, Putlibai belonged to a Vaishnava family with extreme devotion to religion, rituals and religious overtures.
The stories of kings like Shravan and Harishchandra, according to the words of Gandhiji himself, left an irreversible mark on him as lessons of truth, peace was inculcated as early as those years he read about them.
Gandhiji went to England in order to study law as advised by one of his family friends, Maveje Dave Joshiji after graduating from an Ahmedabad high school in He went to England primarily as he had to drop out from the only degree-granting institution in Gujarat, due to lack of financial support.
In England, while he studied jurisprudence and law at Inner Temple, he became more interested in establishing his identity as an English person. However, on account of personal problems, he left London for India after briefly serving there as a barrister.
In a Muslim merchant from Kathiawar asked Gandhiji to go to South Africa as his cousin in Johannesburg needed a lawyer there. On acceptance, Gandhiji went to Johannesburg in April with funding for his work there. It was in South Africa where MK Gandhi had the transformation of his political, social views as he was constantly belittled, humiliated under the Apartheid system of British colonialism in South Africa which discriminated him at every stage for being colored Indian.
It was here where Gandhiji first started nationalist organizations for Indians and bagged the role of being a mass mobilizer. He returned to join the Indian Freedom movement inafter 21 years of experience in South Africa.
Educational Philosophy of Gandhiji Nai Talim Having been a barrister in his early life, Mohandas Gandhi mastered Western education in a critical manner. He understood the pitfalls and importance of Western education with equal distinction. Under the eighteen constructive programmes of Gandhiji, New Education or Nai Talim was one with profound consequence.
It was built upon his understanding of the world that needed both the exposure of western education while de-stressing the limits of isolation it brought with it by making people slaves of education instead of utilizing education as a tool of liberation, altruism, and self-sufficiency.
Nai Talim coincided with his vision of creating small self-reliant groups and communities where education would be holistic and develop an all-round socio-economic development.
Nai Talim sought to eradicate the usual teacher-student relation where the student was cut off from the teacher and the teacher would only be imparting a vocation that would make a student solely career dominated. Nai Talim is essentially a craft-based knowledge system, where students would learn various subjects but just not for any abstract aim of heightening merit for the purpose of job or self-centered aims.
Instead, there would be the focus upon learning various religions and reliance on handcraft machinery to learn to utilize machinery in order to create self-sufficiency. In a shift from traditional reliance on teacher merely stressing the importance of tools to raise economic productivity, under Nai Talim the student was supposed to learn comprehensively with the teacher to apply skills to make products.
Self-respect would be harbored in every individual who would be educated under Nai Talim concepts. Principles of Gandhiji Mohandas Gandhi, a visionary in terms of political and social reformation, was a pioneer of novel ideas. Some of them can be discussed as the following: Satyagraha is essentially the principle embodying truth, nonviolence and absolute love in the heart.
For Gandhiji, it was the most important task for any struggle to remain peaceful and establish truth without inflicting harm upon any body or person. He advocated self-suffering as a means of struggle and no bickering with other people.
He firmly believed such an approach would be the highest moral path in winning over an enemy not just squashing them. An as a prefix acts to negate that desire. It was essentially a quality he derived from the study of Jainism and Buddhism as well as from his wife, who would suffer silently and be a reminder that it was impossible for Gandhiji to change her will, without shedding any amount of violence.
Nonviolent means were the hallmark of the Gandhi movement where ahimsa was the basic principle. Gandhiji advocated reining in passion which had the power to devour a person instead of uplifting them.
For him, the power of Brahmacharya would not only require converting sexual lustful energy into pure and gender respecting ones but also prevent being ruled by banes of passion. Brahmacharya for him would encompass actions, behavior and thought process alike.
For him, khadi being self-spun fabric and belonging to India for a long time before the Britishers came, represented the India which needed to manufacture its own products and just not be the tool for foreign consumption. The Charkha on which khadi was spun was sacred to Gandhiji as he regarded it as the highest symbol of self-governance, job creation, and symbol of sustainable civilization.
He combined his fasting trends with Satyagraha and believed that fasting should not be a mere tool or mechanical in nature but should be in lines with depths of the soul in order to attain spiritual objectives under Satyagraha.
He strongly believed against caste system and supported BR Ambedkar in his efforts to eradicate untouchability. Gandhiji believed that the principle of Ahimsa automatically called for treating all religion with equal respect and favored the study of different religions.
Movements and Strategies of Mahatma Gandhi Gandhiji, being a master of mass mobilization, devised unique and novel strategies and uprisings, whose combinations played a great role in the Indian freedom movement.Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi (–) also known as Kaba Gandhi, was a political figure in Porbandar.
He served as Diwan of Porbandar, Rajkot, and Wankaner. He was the father of Children: Mahatma Gandhi. 3. Rohinton Mistry – A Fine Balance. This is the second novel by Mistry published in and, like his first novel, Such A Long Journey, this novel too received wide acclaim across the globe.
Mahatma Gandhi’s name is on the lips of every child, every young man and every old man.
He was the greatest man not only of India but of the world also. He was the father of Nation. We generally call him Bapu. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi was born at Porbundar in Kathiawar. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Indian philosopher and political leader. Gandhi was one of the most admired and influential religious and political leaders of the twentieth century.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born at Porbandar, a coastal city in Kathiawad (now a part of the Gujarat State) on the 2nd October He was the youngest .
Feb 26, · Mahatma Gandhi’s full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born in the Indian Hindu family on 2nd of October in in Porbandar, Gujarat. His father Karamchand Gandhi was a Diwan in Porbandar state and her mother’s name was Putalibai/5(2).