Mostly self-taught, Homer took a few art classes and began painting with oils. Although he moved to New York to find illustration work, Homer preferred to live alone in the rural countryside, painting figures from his imagination rather than their physical presence. Homer captured the emotions of conflict in his wood engravings such as The Army of the Potomac — A Sharp-Shooter on Picket Duty, a single figure using new rifle technology that revealed the change in modern warfare. Homer created his first oil paintings using his experiences from the war.
National Gallery of ArtWashington, D. The New York Tribune wrote, "There is no picture in this exhibition, nor can we remember when there has been a picture in any exhibition, that can be named alongside this.
The same straightforward sensibility which allowed Homer to distill art from these potentially sentimental subjects also yielded the most unaffected views of African American life at the time, as illustrated in Dressing for the Carnival  and A Visit from the Old Mistress From throughHomer exhibited often at the Boston Art Club.
Works on paper, both drawings and watercolors, were frequently exhibited by Homer beginning in A most unusual sculpture by the Artist, Hunter with Dog — Northwoods, was exhibited in Homer became a member of The Tile Club, a group of artists and writers who met frequently to exchange ideas and organize outings for painting, as well as foster the creation of decorative tiles.
For a short time, he designed tiles for fireplaces. Homer started painting with watercolors on a regular basis in during a summer stay in Gloucester, Massachusetts. From the beginning, his technique was natural, fluid and confident, demonstrating his innate talent for a difficult medium.
His impact would be revolutionary. Here, again, the critics were puzzled at first, "A child with an ink bottle could not have done worse.
But his watercolors proved popular and enduring, and sold more readily, improving his financial condition considerably.
They varied from highly detailed Blackboard — to broadly impressionistic Schooner at Sunset — Some watercolors were made as preparatory sketches for oil paintings as for "Breezing Up" and some as finished works in themselves.
Thereafter, he seldom traveled without paper, brushes and water based paints. In re-establishing his love of the sea, Homer found a rich source of themes while closely observing the fishermen, the sea, and the marine weather.
Afterhe rarely featured genteel women at leisure, focusing instead on working women. Homer spent two years — in the English coastal village of CullercoatsTyne and Wear.
His subjects more universal and less nationalistic, more heroic by virtue of his unsentimental rendering. Although he moved away from the spontaneity and bright innocence of the American paintings of the s and s, Homer found a new style and vision which carried his talent into new realms.
Critics noticed the change in style at once, "He is a very different Homer from the one we knew in days gone by", now his pictures "touch a far higher plane They are works of High Art.
Some of these he repeated as etchings. Oil on canvas, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. At fifty years of age, Homer had become a "Yankee Robinson Crusoecloistered on his art island" and "a hermit with a brush". These paintings established Homer, as the New York Evening Post wrote, "in a place by himself as the most original and one of the strongest of American painters.
He replaced the turbulent green storm-tossed sea of Prouts Neck with the sparkling blue skies of the Caribbean and the hardy New Englanders with Black natives, further expanding his watercolor technique, subject matter, and palette.
Once again, his freshness and originality were praised by critics but proved too advanced for the traditional art buyers and he "looked in vain for profits".
Homer lived frugally, however, and fortunately, his affluent brother Charles provided financial help when needed. It was on these fishing vacations that he experimented with the watercolor medium, producing works of the utmost vigor and subtlety, hymns to solitude, nature, and to outdoor life.
The color effects are boldly and facilely applied. Another late work, The Gulf Streamshows a black sailor adrift in a damaged boat, surrounded by sharks and an impending maelstrom. He also became free of the responsibilities of caring for his father, who had died two years earlier.Winslow Homer was a private man, and with good reason.
His entrance to the art world came at a time when American art was struggling for international recognition, and after a metioric rise to success, Homer was both lauded as a heroic American painter, and attacked by critics who expected him to define a new era of national art. Winslow Homer (February 24, – September 29, ) was an American landscape painter and printmaker, best known for his marine subjects.
He is considered one of the foremost painters in 19th-century America and a preeminent figure in American pfmlures.com place: Boston, Massachusetts, United States. An artist like Sargent, by contrast, was born in Florence, Italy, to American parents and lived most of his life in Europe—leaving him somewhat out of the running for the title of greatest 19th-century American painter, along with (mostly) expatriates Whistler and Cassatt.
Winslow Homer (Book) | Greenwich Library | BiblioCommons. Winslow Homer (–) is regarded by many as the greatest American painter of the nineteenth century. Born in Boston and raised in rural Cambridge, he began his career as a commercial printmaker, first in Boston and then in New York, where he settled in .
Winslow Homer, (born February 24, , Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.—died September 29, , Prouts Neck, Maine), American painter whose works, particularly those on marine subjects, are among the most powerful and expressive of late 19th-century American art.