Republic [Politeia] Plato Greek philosophical dialogues, written c. In this group of philosophical dialogues, Plato uses a conversational prose format to explore the nature of society, seeking to define the characteristics of an ideal society, or republic. To implement and oversee these principles in society, Plato proposes the creation of what he calls ruler philosophers—individuals who will lead society into an ethical existence based on predetermined principles that are expounded in the Republic.
Plato on Justice and Injustice In The Republic, Plato attempts to demonstrate through the character and discourse of Socrates that justice is better than justice is the good which men must strive for, regardless of whether they could be unjust and still be rewarded.
His method is to use dialectic, the asking and answering of questions which led the hearer from one point to another, supposedly with irrefutable logic by obtaining agreement to each point before going on to the next, and so building an argument.
Although Socrates returns time and again to the concept of justice in his discourse on the perfect city-state, much of it seems off the original subject. One of his main points, however, is that goodness is doing what is best for the common, greater good rather than for individual happiness. There is a real sense in which his philosophy turns on the concepts of virtue, and his belief that ultimately virtue is its own reward.
His first major point is that justice is an excellence of character. He then seeks agreement that no excellence is achieved through destructive means.
The function of justice is to improve human nature, which is inherently constructive.
Justice, in short, is a virtue, a human excellence. His next point is that acting in accordance with excellence brings happiness. His examples are those of the senses — each sensory organ is excellent if it performs its function, as the eye sees, the ear hears.
Therefore, the just person is a happy person is a person who performs his function. Since these are tied together, injustice can never exceed these virtues and so justice is stronger and is the good. However, Socrates does not stop there.
He goes on to examine the question of the nature of justice and the just life. He identifies the four of the Athenian virtues: For the bulk of the book, he looks at each virtue separately in terms of the perfect city state, but our focus is on justice.
Thus, it is an excellence in social organization and in the organization of the human soul. So justice is a virtue which must be connected to the function of efficient and healthful cooperation.
Justice is in one sense the greatest virtue for it is key to making the other virtues work together for the common good. If all the parts are to work together as a whole, each must have on function to excel at. Like the organs of the body, all contribute to the whole, but the eyes only see, the ears only hear.
They do not share functions. Using this analogy, justice would be something like the moral mind which guides the body in its activities.
Justice, then is the head, at the top of the hierarchy in social terms.
When the other three virtues work together in orderly fashion within the state, justice is produced. But for justice to be produced, it must come from everyone doing his assigned function under the excellent guidance of the ruling class.
Despite his emphasis of justice as a function of the perfect state, Socrates also deals with justice as a personal virtue. He finds that there is a parallel between the organization of the state and the organization of the individual.
Just as there are three virtues other than justice, Socrates finds three parts in the individual soul — sensation, emotion, intelligence.
The just person, then must have balance between these aspects. Each must function in moderation to contribute to the health of the whole. Appetite and sensation are matters of desire. Desire must be subordinate to reason, or else they will throw the individual out of balance and lead him into injustice and unhappiness.
Emotion spirit and will also can master desire. The alliance of emotion and reason is similar, Socrates says, to the rulers and the guardians in the state.
Thus, the individual is a miniature state, and justice in the soul is like justice in the state. In the opposite case, the situation of the unjust, whether state or individual, desires hold a tyranny.
Because there is a lack of internal control, outside things move the unjust around at will. Thus the unjust lives a life of fear and anxiety, the fruit of being out of control.
Socrates asserts that only the man of reason has pure pleasures. All others have varying degrees of unhappiness.Justice in Plato's The Republic Essay; Justice in Plato's The Republic Essay Democracy in Plato's the Republic Essay.
Democracy in the Republic In Plato's Republic democracy made a controversial issue in a critique by Socrates. Introduction This essay discusses and clarifies a concept that is central to Plato's argument in the Republic.
Plato's Concept of Democracy and Justice - Book one of Plato's Republic examines the concept of democracy and justice. - Platonic Justice Throughout Platos Republic, the subject of platonic justice and its goodness to its self arise and are discussed amongst Plato and his peers.
In his compact essay, not only does he display an in-depth. This essay will seek to define Democracy, the meaning of the word, the system and the history, and describe two of the most famous democracies: Direct democracy and Representative democracy.
Democracy is a form of. Introduction This essay discusses and clarifies a concept that is central to Plato's argument in the Republic — an argument in favour of the transcendent value of justice as a human good; that justice informs and guides moral conduct.
Plato's Concept Of Justice: An Analysis. D.R. Bhandari J.N.V. University. ABSTRACT: In his philosophy Plato gives a prominent place to the idea of justice. Plato was highly dissatisfied with the prevailing degenerating conditions in Athens.
The Athenian democracy was on the verge of ruin and was ultimately responsible for Socrates's death. Plato: The Failure of Democracy. Plato () is often described as the greatest Western philosopher.
Historians like to quote A. N.
|Essay: Plato on Justice and Injustice||Republic [Politeia] Plato Greek philosophical dialogues, written c. Regarded as Plato's most important work, the Republic has long been studied as a seminal text of the Western literary and philosophical canon.|
|Plato's Republic Republic [Politeia], Plato - Essay - pfmlures.com||How to Write a Summary of an Article? Glaucon argued that people do not want anyone to obstruct their unceasing desire for everything and only act in such a way that they avoid unjust treatment.|
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|20th WCP: Plato's Concept Of Justice: An Analysis||In his philosophy Plato gives a prominent place to the idea of justice.|
Whitehead who said: "The safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato.".