Rumi is best known for two masterworks, the lyrical Divan-i Shams-i Tabrizi c. His influence and popularity in Turkey, the Middle East, and India is profound, and he has touched the lives of Western authors and thinkers as diverse as Hans Christian Andersen and Georg Hegel. Although he has always been well-known in the Middle East, Rumi has recently experienced a renaissance in the West, thanks largely to accessible translations by poets such as Coleman Barks and Robert Bly.
A man in love, no matter what he says The smell of love wafts love-ward from his mouth He speaks of jurisprudence, what emerges? From mystic poverty a sweet effulgence He blasphemes, the scent of faith arises He offers doubts, no doubt we grow more sure Masnavi 1: As we have also seen, Rumi calls us to a natural theology of sorts, encouraging us to learn to read the mystical signs inscribed upon the human breast by the fingers of God.
This is the language of love, an orientation and an attitude which, for Rumi, defines the very essence of righteousness and true religion. It does not matter if the seeker of truth approaches truth through law, through skepticism or even blasphemy, so long as that seeker turns to face the truth of the sunand is attuned to the meaning of love.
The Sufis early on co-opted the language of earthly love poetry as a metaphor for the divine beloved, just as they adapted the language of wine poetry and terrestrial inebriation as symbolic of the transcendental mystic experience, in which the worshipper loses control of his rational faculties, Rumi love critical essay becomes a God-intoxicated lover of the divine beauty.
Rumi's theology draws upon love as both eros 'ishq and agape mahabbat: Agape then describes what's real, Eros, too. Love transcends questions of faith and infidelity — love is the kernel contained within the shell of the dichotomy of blasphemy and religion 2: Love grows in the garden of human perfection 5: In the realm of free will and pre-destination, divine wisdom made human beings lovers of one another 3: Love is the physician that cures all our symptoms — it is our Plato and our Galen 1: The partial intellect may reject love Masnavi 1: Worship through ascetic self-denial, motivated by fear of sin or awe of the mysterium tremendumwhile it can help us gain control of the baser self, ultimately produces a flat-footed and desiccated spirituality, insofar as it is not impelled by love.
The fearful ascete treks his faith on foot The lovers flash ahead like lightning, wind Masnavi 5: The godhead requites our love, since the love of God establishes a mutuality between creator and creatures.
As stated in the Qur'an 5: Rumi in fact alludes to a famous tradition — "I was a hidden treasure and desired to be known, so I created the creation to be known" — explaining love as the underlying motivation for God's creation: Were it not for the ocean of pure love What reason would I have to forge the heavens?
It's waves of love that make the heavens turn Without that love the universe would freeze: No mineral absorbed by vegetable No growing thing consumed by animal No sacrifice of anima for Him Who inspired Mary with His pregnant breath Like ice, all of them unmoved, frozen stiff No vibrant molecules in swarms of motion Lovers of perfection, every atom Turns sapling-like to face the sun and grow Their haste to shed their fleshly form for soul Sings out an orison of praise to God Masnavi 5: Whatever one says in explication of the theology of love is embarrassingly incomplete, because love speaks without words, and reason gets stuck in the mud trying to describe it Masnavi 1: Love's detailed explanation's still untold though Judgment Days — hundreds — may come and go For the length of the Judgment Day is fixed, but how curtail description of the Lord?
Infinite, the ocean's drops of water Yet the Seven Seas, tiny, next to love Masnavi 5:Love, as per Rumi, is the rational power of the universe; it is a result of affection that everything anxiously goes towards its source; it is love which enlivens music and gives an importance to life.
Rumi's Masnavi, part 5: On love Franklin Lewis.
For Rumi, love is the astrolabe of God's mysteries and the animating force of creation Rumi's Masnavi, part 4: Rumi's Sufism. Franklin Lewis. [In the essay below, originally published in , Iqbal examines the message of Rumi's Mattinavi and discusses such concepts as the relation between love and intellect, the nature of the self.
When Rumi speaks about the love of lovers, he refers not only to the love they share between each other, but about the love they both share towards the Being that transcends their beings.
Rumi's insights on love, awareness of the things of the soul and tolerance, could extend a helping hand across the growing culture gap dividing the West and the Eastern Muslim world. Rumi wrote and taught that all religious groups are equal in the eyes of God.
Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī Critical Essays. Homework Help "Love," in The Metaphysics of Rumi: A Critical and Historical Sketch, Reprint by The Institute of Islamic Culture.