Targeted populations[ edit ] The Khmer Rouge regime frequently arrested and often executed anyone suspected of connections with the former Cambodian government or foreign governments, as well as professionals, intellectuals, the Buddhist monkhoodand ethnic minorities. As a result, Pol Pot has been described by journalists and historians, William Branigin for example, as "a genocidal tyrant". The Khmer Rouge forcibly relocated minority groups and banned the use of minority languages.
Cambodian-Vietnamese history[ edit ] Angkorthe seat of the Khmer Empirewas subjected to Vietnamese influence as early as the 13th century.
Vietnamese influence spread gradually and indirectly, and it was not until the early 19th century that Vietnam exercised direct control. Following his death inVietnam colonised Cambodia; it was governed under a Vietnamese administration and termed a Vietnamese 'province'.
During this time, Vietnamese forces made extensive use of Cambodian territory to transport weapons, supplies, and troops.
This relationship lasted throughout the Vietnam Warwhen Vietnamese communists used Cambodia as a transport route and staging area for attacks on South Vietnam.
In accordance with the Geneva Accords negotiating the end of the French domination, newly created communist North Vietnam pulled all of its Viet Minh soldiers and cadres out of Cambodia; however, since the KPRP was staffed primarily by ethnic Vietnamese or Cambodians under its tutelage, approximately 5, Communist cadres went with them.
This clique became the genesis of the Khmer Rouge, and its doctrine was heavily influenced by the Maoist ideology. Lon Nol planned a slaughter of all Vietnamese people in Cambodia and a restoration of South Vietnam to a revived Champa state. Many were slaughtered and dumped in the Mekong River at the hands of Lon Nol's anti-Communist forces.
In its place, they hoped to create a classless society based entirely on worker-peasants. The radical ideologies and goals of the Khmer Rouge were alien concepts to the masses. Clashes between Vietnamese communists and Khmer Rouge forces began as early asand the following year Pol Pot signed a treaty codifying the 'friendship' between the Khmer Rouge and China.
Following the Khmer Rouge victory on 17 Aprilhe became Premier of Democratic Kampuchea and led his country in their war against Vietnam.
Although both the North Vietnamese and the Khmer Rouge had previously fought side by side, the leaders of the newly created Democratic Kampuchea continued to view Vietnam with great suspicion, because they believed the Vietnamese Communists had never given up their dream of creating an Indochinese federation with Vietnam as the leader.
The Vietnamese military immediately responded to Kampuchean actions by launching a counter-attack and removing Kampuchean forces from Phu Quoc and Tho Chu, and then invading the Kampuchean island of Koh Wai. However, those discussions never materialised, and the Kampucheans claimed that Vietnam turned down both offers.
From the Vietnamese perspective, they were the patron of genuine Marxist—Leninist revolutions in South East Asia, so it was vital for them to exercise control over the Kampucheans and the Laotians.
However, their hopes were dashed as early asbecause North Vietnamese military formations operating in Khmer Rouge-occupied territories were occasionally subjected to armed attacks by their own allies. The Vietnamese position inside Kampuchea was further weakened after the end of the war, as there were no pro-Vietnamese elements left within the Kampuchean Communist Party.
From the Kampuchean perspective, the Vietnamese strategy to dominate Indochina involved infiltrating the communist parties of Kampuchea and Laos with Vietnamese-trained cadres.
Then, in the context of the triumphalism, which prevailed over the Khmer Rouge leadership in a war that they claimed they had single-handedly defeated the "American imperialist", Democratic Kampuchea began to embark on a war against Vietnam. On 18 Junethe Kampuchean Government replied by demanding that Vietnam remove all of its military units from the disputed areas, and create a demilitarised zone between the opposing forces.
Shortly afterwards, six divisions of the Kampuchea Revolutionary Army advanced about 10 kilometers 6. On 16 Decemberthe PAVN divisions, with support from elements of the Vietnam People's Air Forcecrossed the border along several axes with the objective of forcing the Kampuchean Government to negotiate.
By the end of DecemberVietnam had won a clear military victory over Kampuchea, as Vietnamese formations marched through Svay Rieng Province and only stopped short of entering the provincial capital. Despite the ferocity of the Vietnamese retaliation, the Kampuchean Government remained defiant.
During the withdrawal, the Vietnamese military also evacuated thousands of prisoners and civilian refugees, including future leader Hun Sen.
The Kampucheans went on further to proclaim that "our 6 January victory over the annexationist, Vietnamese aggressor enemy has given all of us greater confidence in the forces of our people and nation, in our Kampuchean Communist Party and our Kampuchean Revolutionary Army, and in our Party's line of people's war".
InVietnam was estimated to havesoldiers and tanks, supported by a 12,member air force with combat aircraft, including one squadron of light bombers.
In comparison, Kampuchea had an army of 70, only a few heavy tanks, armoured vehicles, and limited air capability. On 18 JanuaryChina attempted to mediate further negotiations between Kampuchea and Vietnam when Vice Premier Deng Yingchao travelled to Phnom Penh, where she was met with strong resistance by Kampuchean leaders.
During that same period, military setbacks experienced by the Kampuchean Revolutionary Army in the Eastern Military Zone prompted Pol Pot to label the region as a "nest of traitors". Unable to withstand an attack from the Kampuchea Government, So Phim committed suicide while his deputy Heng Samrin defected to Vietnam.
The Vietnamese Government immediately rejected the demand and, in response, two Kampuchean divisions penetrated up to 2 kilometers 1.
By that stage in the conflict, most surviving leaders of the Eastern Military Zone had escaped into Vietnam, where they assembled at various secret camps with the purpose of forming a Vietnamese-backed "liberation army" to fight against the Khmer Rouge regime.
It concluded that the Khmer Rouge regime was a proxy of China, which had been trying to fill the power vacuum following the withdrawal of the United States. As such, China was identified as Vietnam's main enemy, and its client regime in Phnom Penh had to be removed by conventional military force, because the Vietnamese adaptation of the Maoist " people's war " doctrine had not been a success against the Khmer Rouge's security apparatus.
Furthermore, instead of sending congratulatory messages like they had done in the previous years, the Vietnamese media changed their tone and began referring to the Kampuchean Government as the "Pol Pot-Ieng Sary clique" as the Kampuchean military continued their campaign in Vietnam.The Khmer Rouge was fortunate to have the unofficial protection of the Thai army but this fact was not made public until slightly more than a decade ago when the UN came under pressure to bring the perpetrators of the Cambodian genocide to justice.
The Cambodian–Vietnamese War, otherwise known in Vietnam as the "Counter-offensive on the Southwestern border" ("Chiến dịch Phản công Biên giới Tây-Nam), was an armed conflict between the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and Democratic pfmlures.com war began with isolated clashes along the land and maritime boundaries of Vietnam and Kampuchea between and , occasionally Location: Cambodia, southern Vietnam, eastern Thailand.
The Journal of Asian Studies / Volume 72 / Issue 02 / May , pp - DOI: /S, Published online: 19 March munities could coexist without entering into conflict over actual territory.
It follows death of million inhabitants of Cambodia under Khmer Rouge rule.
|In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:|
|Cambodian–Vietnamese War | Military Wiki | FANDOM powered by Wikia||Cambodian-Vietnamese history[ edit ] Angkorthe seat of the Khmer Empirewas subjected to Vietnamese influence as early as the 13th century.|
|Cambodia–Vietnam relations - Wikipedia||Edit The conclusion of the Indochina conflict in April immediately brought a new conflict between Vietnam and Kampuchea.|
Khmer Rouge racism did not come . Conflict Resolution in Cambodia An Sokkhoeurn November With Compliments development, security, strategic studies, international relation, defense Following the fall of Khmer Rouge regime in January , Cambodia’s civil conflict had not been ended.
Efforts to resolve the conflict in Cambodia range from. The Cambodian Civil War was a conflict from , primarily between the communist Khmer Rouge and the Cambodian government.
The Khmer Rouge won the war, creating a communist revolutionary. ASEAN, which had backed the Khmer Rouge throughout their diplomatic confrontations with the PRK regime at the UN General Assembly in , urged the Khmer Rouge leadership to put its blood-stained image behind it in order to join forces with other non-communist movements.