English, French, Georgian, German, Russian and a few other languages, e. Laz This bibliography was compiled using online bibliographical databases such as Google Booksthe Online Computer Library Center's " WorldCat " database, or the excellent Advanced Book Exchange website and from several works to be found in this list — e. Professor Kevin Tuite's University of Montreal online bibliography was also particularly useful, as was Mr. Amjad Jaimoukha's extraordinary North Caucasian Bibliography "More than 3, references, including some links to on-line books, articles and documents".
Biblical archaeology Modern Palestinian archaeology began in the late 19th century. Early expeditions lacked standardized methods for excavation and interpretation, and were often little more than treasure-hunting expeditions. Journal of Travels in the Year Albright, whose work focused on biblical narratives.
Lapp, for example, whom many thought would take up the mantle of Albright before his premature death inwrote: We assign close dates to a group of pots on subjective typological grounds and go on to cite our opinion as independent evidence for similarly dating a parallel group.
Dever argued that the name of such inquiry should be changed to "archaeology of the Bible " or "archaeology of the Biblical period" to delineate the narrow temporal focus of Biblical archaeologists. One finds it ironical that recent students suppose them interchangeable terms. Specialists in archaeozoologyarchaeobotanygeologyanthropology and epigraphy now work together to produce essential environmental and non-environmental data in multidisciplinary projects.
Levantine pottery A central concern of Levantine archaeology since its genesis has been the study of ceramics.
Whole pots and richly decorated pottery are uncommon in the Levant and the plainer, less ornate ceramic artifacts of the region have served the analytical goals of archaeologists, much more than those of museum collectors.
Awareness of the value of pottery gained early recognition in a landmark survey conducted by Edward Robinson and Eli Smith whose findings were published in first two works on the subject: P Dessel and Alexander H.
Attempts to identify and bridge the gaps made some headway at the Durham conference, though it was recognized that agreement on a single method of ceramic analysis or a single definition of a type may not be possible.
The solution proposed by Dessel and Joffe is for all archaeologists in the field to provide more explicit descriptions of the objects that they study. The more information provided and shared between those in related sub-disciplines, the more likely it is that they will be able to identify and understand the commonalities in the different typological systems.
According to Benjamin Sass and Christoph Uehlinger, the questions of what is actually Phoenician and what is specifically Phoenician, in Phoenician iconographyconstitute one well-known crux of Levantine archaeology.
Without answers to these questions, the authors contend that research exploring the degree to which Phoenician art and symbolism penetrated into the different areas of Syria and Palestine will make little progress.
Sukenikand Shmuel Yeivin. By the s, in contrast to the religious motivations of Biblical archaeologists, Israeli archaeology developed as a secular discipline motivated in part by the nationalistic desire to affirm the link between the modern, nascent Israeli nation-state and the ancient Jewish population of the land.
Paleolithic archaeology was of little interest, nor was archaeology of Christian and Muslim periods.
He therefore focused much of his work on excavating sites related to previous periods of Israelite nationalistic struggles: Hazor, which he associated with the conquest of Canaan by Joshua in c.
The first joint project was conducted in Jericho and coordinated by Hamdan Taha, director of the Palestinian Antiquities Department and the University of Rome "La Sapienza", represented by Paolo Matthiaethe same archeologist who discovered the site of Ebla in Unlike the joint missions between Americans and Jordanians, this project involved Italians and Palestinians digging at the same holes, side by side.
The research focus and perspective differs from that of Western archaeological approaches, tending to avoid both biblical studies and its connections to modern and ancient Israelas well as its connections to the search for Western cultural and theological roots in the Holy Land. Concentrating on their own perspectives which are generally, though not exclusively oriented toward Islamic archaeology, Arab archaeologists have added a "vigorous new element to Syro-Palestinian archaeology.
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land notes that, "The s have seen the development of Palestinian archaeological activities, with a focus on tell archaeology on the one hand H.
Sadeq and on the investigation of the indigenous landscape and cultural heritage on the other K. The first archaeological site excavated by researchers from Bir Zeit University was undertaken in Tell Jenin in Taha] sticks by his policy of equal partnership.
That means Palestinians must be involved at every step," from planning and digging to publishing. Biblical Archaeology and the Myth of Israel were both translated into Arabic shortly after their publication.
Dever speculates that, "Nashef and many other Palestinian political activists have obviously read it. A Palestinian Perspective," that explicitly names the four "biblical revisionists" mentioned above, as evidence for his claim that their "rhetoric" has influenced Palestinian archaeologists.
First strategically important to the Egyptian Pharaohsit remained so for the many empires who sought to wield power in the region that followed.
According to specialists, there is much more under ground and under the sea than what has been discovered to date. Various artifacts dating back as far as BCE include high walls, pottery, warehouses and mud-brick houses with colorful frescoed walls. Archaeologists believe the site may be Anthedon Antidona major Hellenistic seaport on the Mediterranean which connected Asia and Africa to Europe.
The well-preserved 1,year-old church contains three large and colorful mosaics with floral- motifs and geometric shapes.In this thesis the concept of particle swarm optimization is presented.
First the origin of the particle swarm algorithm will be outlined and the particle swarm optimization algorithm will be analysed. Therefore a small one-dimensional test case is used. From this test case guidelines for the. Master Thesis Linking Regulative and Normative Forces with Innovation Author: R.H.
(Ruben) Tempel Course: Master of Business Administration – Entrepreneurship, Innovation & Strategy Date: 15 August Examination committee: 1st While Porter and Van der Linde () argue that regulation creates pressures that incite . van der Tempel, J.
Lifetime Fatigue of an Offshore wind Turbine Support Structure Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geoscience, Section Offshore Technology & Section Wind Energy, May van Dijk CN, van der Tempel WM, Patellofemoral pain syndrome. BMJ-BRIT MED J ;a [PubMed] Kerkhoffs GM, van den Bekerom MP, Struijs PA, van Dijk CN, day below-knee cast for management of severe ankle sprains.
Temple University Electronic Theses and Dissertations Add or remove collections Home Temple University Electronic Theses and Dissertations Rogier van der Weyden: A Netherlandish Artist and the Ferrarese Court - Page 1. A Short Caucasian Bibliography.
viz. a comprehensive, illustrated & regularly updated. BIBLIOGRAPHY OF WORKS. relating to the. wider Caucasus region — Its history, its peoples.